Standard Vokabular: Nautik & Technik:  Englisch mit Erklärungen (Auszug)

Glossary of Nautical Terms

Abeam At or from the side of the ship
Aboveboard Areas of the ship above the waterline
Accommodation ladder External folding ladder, used to climb aboard the ship from a pilot boat, etc.
Aft Near, towards or in the rear section of the ship
Alleyway Corridor or passageway
Aloft Above the ship's superstructure, such as at or near the masthead
Alongside When the ship is beside the pier (or another vessel)
(A)midships In or towards the middle of the ship
At anchor When the ship is anchored offshore (as opposed to docking alongside)
Anchor ball Black ball that is hoisted on the bow, to signify that the ship is at anchor
Astern Behind the ship, beyond the stern
Avast Stop
Backwash Disturbed water, caused by propeller action when ship is reversing
Ballast Extra weight in the hold
Bareboat Charter Ship- or Boat Charter without crew
Batten down To secure open hatches or equipment likely to fall, while the ship is underway
Beam Width of the ship at its widest point
Bearing Compass direction from the ship to another object or location
Belowboard Areas of the ship below the waterline
Berth Docking space for the ship; also a bed inside the ship
Bilge Spaces at the very bottom of the ship's infrastructure
Bow Front or most forward part of the ship
Bowthruster Device to propel ship away from the quayside
Bridge Centre of command and navigation
(To) Bunker To take on fuel
Bunkers Fuel storage area
Capstan Large spindle for attaching or winding in ropes (hawsers) and cables
Cast off Release ropes prior to departure
Chart Navigational map
Cleat Wedge-shaped device for making fast ropes (hawsers) or cables
Coaming Raised lip on doorsills and hatches to prevent water from entering
Colours Ship's emblem or flag of nationality
(The) Chief The Chief Engineer
Comment cards Forms filled in by passengers, as a means of rating the cruise
Companionway Interior stairway
Course Ship's direction (in degrees)
Cross alley Alley crossing another (often used for bringing on stores, etc.)
D.S. Abbreviation for Diesel Ship
Davit Device for raising or lowering storage crates or lifeboats
Deadlight Ventilated porthole cover
Debark Abbreviation of disembark
Deck(head) Floor
(To) Disembark To leave the ship/go ashore
Dock The act of bringing the ship alongside the dock, i.e. quay, berth or pier
Draft Distance from the ship's waterline to the bottom of its keel
Embark To enter or come on board the ship
Even keel The ship in a true vertical position as opposed to listing to the side
F & B Abbreviation of Food & Beverage
Fantail The rear overhang of the ship
Fatal Injury deathly injured
Fathom Distance of depth (1 fathom=6 feet)
Fender Anything that cushions (protects) the ship's hull against the dock or other craft
Flagstaff Flagpole on the stern of the ship
Fo'c's'le Abbreviation of forecastle (section under the bow)
Fore The front (bow) of the ship
Forward Towards the front (bow) of the ship
Free port Port or place exempt from customs duty
Funnel Ship's chimney
Galley Ship's kitchen
Gangway Construction, ladder or ramp giving access to and from the ship
G.R.T. (grt) Gross Registered Tonnage*
*A passenger ship's tonnage is calculated not by its actual weight, but by the total of permanently enclosed spaces, excluding the Bridge, Radio Room, and other specified areas. 1 GRT =100 cubic feet of enclosed space, and is the basis by which port and other dues are calculated
Hatch Cover leading to a hold
Hawse pipe Large pipe in the bow holding the anchor chain or hawser (not to be confused with a hose pipe)
Hawser Huge rope used for securing or towing the ship
Helm Ship's centre of steering
Hold Interior storage area towards the bottom of the ship
House flag Flag denoting the cruise line to which the ship belongs
Hull Framework (shell) of the ship
I.B. Abbreviation for Ice-breaker
IMO Abbreviation for International Maritime Organization, governing body for safety and other standards at sea
Inboard Towards the centre of the ship (inboard cabins therefore have no portholes)
Jacob's ladder Rope ladder (often with wooden rungs)
Keel Longitudinal extension of the ship's underside, important for balance
Knot Unit of speed (1 nautical mile per hour)
Landlubber Anyone who is unfamiliar with life on the ocean wave
League Measure of distance (1 league=approximately 3.5 nautical miles
Leeward Side of the ship that is sheltered from the wind
Lethal injury for life dangerous injury
Line Any rope that is smaller than a hawser
(To) List To lean to one side (of drunken sailors as well as ships)
Log (book) Ship's record of navigation, etc.
M.S. Abbreviation for Motor Ship
M.T.S. Abbreviation for Motor Turbine Ship
M.V. Abbreviation for Motor Vessel
Maiden voyage Ship's first official cruise
Manifest List of passengers, crew or cargo
(To) Muster (To) Assemble passengers and/or crew
Muster Station Emergency assembly point
NM Nautical Mile (1,852m)
(The) Old Man (The) Captain (but never call him that to his face)
Open Sitting Access (for passengers) to dine at any unoccupied table at any time during the restaurant opening hours (as opposed to an assigned table and dining time)
Outboard Towards, at or beyond the ship's sides (therefore, outboard cabins usually have portholes)
Pax Abbreviation for passengers
Pig (Pig & Whistle) Crew Bar
Pilot Independent navigational advisor at times of entering/leaving port, etc.
(To) Pitch To rise and fall (of ship, especially in rough seas)
Plimsoll line One of several marks painted on the ship's hull above the waterline to prevent overloading
Port Left side of the ship
Port charges Passenger charges and taxes which must be paid to government authorities in ports; these are normally included in the price of the cruise
Porthole Circular ship's window
Prow Bow of the ship
Quarterdeck Rear section of the upper deck
Quay Dock, pier or berth
Rating Non-officer position/rank
(The) Ratings Overall grades determined by the scores given by passengers on their comment cards at the end of the cruise
Rudder Fin-like steering device below the waterline
Running lights Three lights (green on the starboard, red on the portside and white at the top of the mast) that must be lit if the ship is sailing at night or in poor visibility
S.S. Abbreviation for Steam Ship
S.T.R. Abbreviation for Steamer
Screw Ship's propellor
Scuppers Deck drainage system
Shell door Outer opening above water level, enabling access for stores, pilots, passenger gangways, etc.
Sitting Allocated passenger dining time i.e. first (earlier) or second (later) sitting
(The) Skipper (The) Captain
Sounding Measurement of water depth
Stabilizer Gyroscopic retractable fin on either side of the ship to minimise rolling motion
Stack Ship's funnel or 'chimney'
(The) Staff Staff Captain
(The) Staff Chief Staff Chief Engineer
Starboard Right side of the ship
Stern Back (or aft) of the ship
Stow To load with cargo or provisions
T.S. Abbreviation for Twin Screw
T.S.S. Abbreviation for Turbine Steamship
Tender Small boat (often lifeboat) used to transport people to and from shore when the ship is at anchor
Transfers Transport between the ship and airports, hotels, etc.
Underway When the ship is about to depart
Wake Trail of disturbed water behind a moving ship
Watch Period (usually of 4 hours) spent on duty, not just watching
(To) Weigh anchor To raise the anchor
Wheelhouse Centre of navigation (the Bridge)
Windward Side of the ship towards the wind
Working alley Main passage in the crew area
Yaw Deviation from the ship's course, generally caused by rough seas


 

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